Coverage of protected areas ( AAA )

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable Development Target 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

Value Range


Data sources: Protected Planet ( for protected areas data; Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas
( and Alliance for Zero Extinction sites
( for Key Biodiversity Areas data; indicator developed by Butchart et al. (2012) PLoS ONE 7(3): e32529.

Responsible entities and national availability: IUCN & UNEP-WCMC, BirdLife International, AZE. Available globally since 1950s, and can be disaggregated to national and regional levels.

Linkages: 15.1 (and disaggregated versions for other targets)

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The list of indicator proposals (as of 11 August 2015) used for the IAEG-SDG Open Consultation with Civil Society, Academia and Private Sector.

460 item pages.